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Jul 03, 2019 0

Various Sterilizations Options Women Can Go For

Though motherhood is considered as the most beautiful experience in a woman’s life by most people, there are women who might disagree with this statement.

Rising population, modernized lifestyle, and a good amount of exposure to western culture, there are couples who don’t want to have a child or more than one child. Many women rely on contraceptive pills to avoid pregnancy but that’s not recommended by many maternity hospitals in India. Hence, many women opt for sterilization to avoid pregnancy.

There are various methods of sterilization that are completely safe and people can go for that. Let’s have a look at all of them.

Operative Sterilization

The operative sterilization method via tubal occlusion is preferred due to its high success rate and low complications rate. It is done by the laparoscopic procedure or as mini-laparotomy or laparotomy. The second two procedures are usually selected for sterilization after childbirth. Once the procedure is complete, women can go back to their usual sex-life whenever they are comfortable enough. It is reckoned that the failure rate of this process is below 0.5% and also recommended by maternity care hospitals in Hyderabad.

Contradictions

•Known allergy to any materials used during the procedure.

•Uncertainty about the desire to get pregnant in the future.

•Pregnancy or suspected pregnancy.

•Inaccessible, technically difficult uterus and fallopian tubes.

Advantages

•It is a highly effective method.

•It is a long-term method.

•The process has no side effects.

•There is no ongoing maintenance cost after the process is over.

•It does not give rise to any hormonal imbalances.

Non-Operative Sterilization

For permanent female sterilization, tubal micro-inserts are often used. It consists of two small metal coils around a mesh of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) fibers. Once it has been placed in the fallopian tube, the coils slowly expand and hold the device in place and the PET fibers induce an inflammatory reaction which stimulates the tissue growth in the tubal walls. It takes around 3-6 months to completely occlude the lumen. Having a failure rate of less than 0.2% makes it highly reliable. Although, since it is a modern-age process, the long-term side effects are not yet known and problems may arise during tubal insertion or due to misplacement of the product.

Contradictions

•Uncertainty about ending the desire for pregnancy.

•Pregnancy or suspected pregnancy.

•Allergy to contrast medium.

•Avoiding improper medication.

•Unwillingness to revisit after 3 months from the day of the procedure.

•Inaccessible, technically difficult uterus and fallopian tubes.

Advantages

•No surgeries are required.

•Long-term process.

•Highly effective.

•No hormonal imbalances caused.

•Low risks of side effects.

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