Perils of Hypoxemia and Hypoxia: Causes and Treatment
Though both the terms Hypoxemia and Hypoxia are related to a deficiency of oxygen, they are not synonymous. Hypoxemia is a state in which arterial oxygen supply is low while Hypoxia is a condition caused due to low oxygen content at the tissue or organ level. Both may or may not occur together.
However, hypoxemia can cause hypoxia, a state known as Hypoxemic Hypoxia. Other means or health issues, such as Anemia, can also cause Hypoxia. The extreme conditions of both Hypoxemia and Hypoxia are known as Anoxemia and Anoxia respectively.
Even though both the terms are used for different conditions of health, the consequences of both are life-threatening. The lack of oxygen leads to a perilous impact on certain body organs like the brain, liver, etc.
In more severe cases, it can even lead to death. So, it is very important to be aware of the causes and symptoms of Hypoxemia and Hypoxia to get the right treatment at the right time.
Causes of Hypoxemia and Hypoxia
There can be many causes of Hypoxemia and Hypoxia, some of them include:
Lung diseases like bronchitis, COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), emphysema, pulmonary edema, and pneumonia.
Anemia ( a condition in which the red blood cells count is very low)
Chronic asthma attack
External or environmental factors, such as high altitude, diving or drowning, strangulation, suffocation, and heavy smoke inhalation, etc.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Low blood pressure
So, these are the main causes of Hypoxemia and Hypoxia.
Knowing the symptoms can help you to identify the condition at the early stage, before it gets severe, which means that you can start with the treatment as soon as possible. So, here are some symptoms that you should never ignore.
Increased heart rate
Slow heart rate
State of confusion
Depression or mood swings
Shortness of breath while physical activity
On observing any of the above-mentioned symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor. When it comes to treatment, one of the most effective medical equipment which is used to treat the patients of Hypoxemia or Hypoxia is Oxygen Concentrator.
There are two main types of Oxygen concentrators, a Portable Oxygen Concentrator and Home Oxygen Concentrator. You can buy as per your needs, however, consider buying an oxygen concentrator only when prescribed by the doctor.
While purchasing Oxygen Concentrator, consider the quality and buy only from the reputed brand. Some of the best oxygen concentrators that come with ensured quality are Inogen at Home, SimplyGo Mini, Inogen One G4, Everflow by Respironics, and Companion 5 by Caire. There are many more options available in the market.
As they say, “Prevention is better than cure”, you can practice some self-care measures to prevent the deficiency of oxygen in the body, such as;
Eat a healthy diet. Include vegetables and fruits in your diet
Avoid junk food
If you have a breathing problem, then don’t go on higher altitudes