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Jul 18, 2019 0

Perils of Hypoxemia and Hypoxia: Causes and Treatment

Though both the terms Hypoxemia and Hypoxia are related to a deficiency of oxygen, they are not synonymous. Hypoxemia is a state in which arterial oxygen supply is low while Hypoxia is a condition caused due to low oxygen content at the tissue or organ level. Both may or may not occur together.

However, hypoxemia can cause hypoxia, a state known as Hypoxemic Hypoxia. Other means or health issues, such as Anemia, can also cause Hypoxia. The extreme conditions of both Hypoxemia and Hypoxia are known as Anoxemia and Anoxia respectively.

Even though both the terms are used for different conditions of health, the consequences of both are life-threatening. The lack of oxygen leads to a perilous impact on certain body organs like the brain, liver, etc.

In more severe cases, it can even lead to death. So, it is very important to be aware of the causes and symptoms of Hypoxemia and Hypoxia to get the right treatment at the right time.

Causes of Hypoxemia and Hypoxia

There can be many causes of Hypoxemia and Hypoxia, some of them include:

  • Lung diseases like bronchitis, COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), emphysema, pulmonary edema, and pneumonia.
  • Anemia ( a condition in which the red blood cells count is very low)
  • Chronic asthma attack
  • Drug overdose
  • Heart diseases
  • Brain injury
  • External or environmental factors, such as high altitude, diving or drowning, strangulation, suffocation, and heavy smoke inhalation, etc.
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • Low blood pressure

So, these are the main causes of Hypoxemia and Hypoxia.

Symptoms

Knowing the symptoms can help you to identify the condition at the early stage, before it gets severe, which means that you can start with the treatment as soon as possible. So, here are some symptoms that you should never ignore.

  • Severe headache
  • Increased heart rate
  • Slow heart rate
  • Coughing
  • State of confusion
  • Depression or mood swings
  • Shortness of breath while physical activity
  • Rapid breathing
  • Wheezing
  • Sweating

Treatment

On observing any of the above-mentioned symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor. When it comes to treatment, one of the most effective medical equipment which is used to treat the patients of Hypoxemia or Hypoxia is Oxygen Concentrator.

There are two main types of Oxygen concentrators, a Portable Oxygen Concentrator and Home Oxygen Concentrator. You can buy as per your needs, however, consider buying an oxygen concentrator only when prescribed by the doctor.

While purchasing Oxygen Concentrator, consider the quality and buy only from the reputed brand. Some of the best oxygen concentrators that come with ensured quality are Inogen at Home, SimplyGo Mini, Inogen One G4, Everflow by Respironics, and Companion 5 by Caire. There are many more options available in the market.

Prevention

As they say, “Prevention is better than cure”, you can practice some self-care measures to prevent the deficiency of oxygen in the body, such as;

  • Exercise daily
  • Eat a healthy diet. Include vegetables and fruits in your diet
  • Avoid junk food
  • Quit smoking
  • If you have a breathing problem, then don’t go on higher altitudes

Hopefully, this piece of content was useful!

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