Mar 14, 2018 1

Long and short-term effects of drug and alcohol addiction

Alcohol is a type of depressant drug. That may seem contrary, considering how alcohol seems to make people more outgoing. As alcohol slows down the functions of the central nervous system, including the brain, this reduces brain activity that results in lower inhibitions. Users are more relaxed as a result.

Alcohol stays in your system until your liver breaks it down before leaving your body through sweat, urine and breath, Drug Facts explains. It results in the following short-term and long-term effects:

Short-term effects

  • Alcohol has different effects on people. You may feel relaxed, giddy or dizzy after a few drinks. You might also end up feeling wild, aggressive or depressed.
  • You start to lose your balance. Your coordination starts to suffer as well.
  • Your reaction time slows down because of the alcohol in your bloodstream.
  • Your hearing and sight are a lot less accurate than normal.
  • Your ability to make rational decisions are impaired.
  • You have lower inhibitions, resulting in behavior you normally don’t engage in. You may also say or do things you don’t normally do.
  • You may end up with alcohol poisoning if you binge drink, passing out, making it harder to breathe and resulting in a slower heart rate.

If you think your drinking is turning into an addiction problem, seek out help from a drug addiction treatment center in Scottsdale.

Long-term effects

If you drink copious amounts of alcohol for years, that’s going to negatively impact your health in a number of ways. It can result in the following complications and conditions:

  • You start to lose your appetite. Prolonged alcohol addiction compromises many of your organs and often results in a weaker immune system that makes you much more at risk of infections, says the NHS. It can also lead to stomach ailments. That contributes to your loss of appetite.
  • You are diagnosed with cirrhosis and cancer of the liver. This is the most common long-term effect of alcohol abuse. The condition starts out as hepatitis and develops into cirrhosis over time. Left untreated, it can lead to irreversible damage to your kidneys.
  • You also suffer from damage to your heart as well as to your central nervous system.
  • You experience loss of memory.
  • You have a higher risk of being impotent.
  • You may overdose.
  • You have financial difficulties. Abusing alcohol means you are not in full control of your faculties while under the impression of the substance. That could lead to poor financial decisions that hurt your future.
  • You lose your family or friends. Alcohol addiction can lead to violent behavior. If you’re starting to harm your loved ones or yourself, your friends and family may decide to leave you. Before this happens, seek out a drug addiction treatment center in Scottsdale for help.